George Berkeley

October 30, 2009

Born in Kilkenny, Ireland, George Berkeley (1685-1753) was educated at Oxford, spent several years in Italy and America, and served for 18 years as the Anglican Bishop of Cloyne, Ireland. [Read more]

Thomas Hobbes

October 30, 2009

Hobbes, Thomas (1588-1679)   Although he was skilled at both Latin and Greek at age 15, as a philosopher Hobbes was a late bloomer. He was 40 when he read Euclid’s Elements and turned his attention to philosophy. Hobbes was 63 when he published his greatest work (Leviathan), and 88 when he translated the Iliad into English.  [Read more]

Pierre Flourens

October 26, 2009

French physiologist Pierre Flourens was a pioneer in the use of anesthesia. He showed that chloroform could be very effectively used on animals and people. He also is known for his studies of bone formation. [Read more]

Marshall Hall

October 26, 2009

The Scottish physician, Marshall Hall, differentiated between reflexes and learned behavior. He showed that voluntary, conscious movements were controlled by the higher brain stem and that involuntary, unconscious movements were controlled by the lower brain stem.

Thomas Aquinas

October 20, 2009

Aquinas, Thomas (1225-1274)   Thomas Aquinas was born near Naples, Italy. Although nicknamed as a child as “Dumb Ox” (for his large size and slow demeanor), Aquinas is the greatest theologian-philosopher of the Roman Catholic church and the patron saint of their parochial schools. He is best known for synthesizing Greek philosophy with Christian, Islamic and Jewish beliefs. [Read more]

Pierre Gassendi

October 20, 2009

Priest, philosopher and amateur astronomer, Pierre Gassendi (1592-1655) revitalized Epicureanism and combined it with Catholic doctrine. [Read more]

Mary Calkins

October 1, 2009

Noted for her contributions to experimental psychology, personality theory and philosophy, Mary Calkins (1863-1930) strove to reconcile structural and functional psychology. [Read more]

Alfred Binet

October 1, 2009

Alfred Binet (1857-1911) is best known for his development of the first widely used test of intelligence. [Read more]

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