In 1801, Napoleon honored the Italian physicist Alessandro Volta’s work on electricity by making him a count. A professor of physics, Volta built the first electrophorus and the first electric battery. He experimented with igniting gasses using an electric spark, and with animal electricity. In contrast to Galvani, Volta did not believe in animal electricity. He maintained that the flow of electricity was between two metals Galvani had placed on either side of the frog’s leg. The frog was simply a detector (a conductor) of the electricity.